Authors: Vortmeier, Nils
Title: Dynamic expressibility under complex changes
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Whenever a database is changed, any previously computed and stored result of a query evaluation on that database becomes invalid and needs to be updated. This update can in principle be conducted by re-evaluating the query from scratch. However, this approach might be too inefficient, especially for large databases. Instead, it is often advantageous to make use of the old query result and possibly further stored auxiliary information. A descriptive framework for studying this dynamic setting of query evaluation was introduced by Patnaik and Immerman in 1994, independently of a very similar formalisation by Dong, Su and Topor that was first published in 1992 and 1993. In this dynamic descriptive complexity framework, auxiliary relations are stored that hold the result of a fixed query as well as further auxiliary information. The update of these auxiliary relations after a change to the input database is specified by first-order formulas that may refer to the input database as well as to the stored auxiliary relations. The dynamic complexity class DynFO contains all queries for which the result can be maintained this way under some specified set of changes. Most of the previous work in the DynFO framework focussed on changes that are insertions and deletions of single tuples. In this thesis we consider also more complex changes, in particular we study changes that insert or delete a set of tuples of bounded size, and changes that are specified by first-order definable queries on the input. The main contribution of this thesis is an investigation of the expressive power of first-order update formulas in the DynFO framework with respect to these classes of complex changes. We show strong DynFO maintainability results under complex changes for queries such as the reachability query for directed and undirected graphs. We also give non-maintainability results for certain restricted dynamic settings. Some of our maintainability results rely on a new technique of dynamic query maintenance. This technique is also used to show that all queries that are definable in monadic second-order logic are in DynFO under single-edge changes of input graphs of bounded treewidth. We experimentally evaluate the dynamic approach and compare the performance of query evaluation from scratch with the performance of different strategies of dynamic query maintenance under complex changes.
Subject Headings: Dynamic complexity theory
Descriptive complexity
Complex changes
Subject Headings (RSWK): Komplexität
Issue Date: 2019
Appears in Collections:LS 01 Logik in der Informatik

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