Authors: Ghorbanhosseini, Seyedeh Sara
Nourbakhsh, Mitra
Zangooei, Mohammad
Abdolvahabi, Zohreh
Bolandghamtpour, Zahra
Hesari, Zahra
Yousefi, Zeynab
Panahi, Ghodratollah
Meshkani, Reza
Title: MicroRNA-494 induces breast cancer cell apoptosis and reduces cell viability by inhibition of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase expression and activity
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Breast cancer (BC) is the most preval ent cause of cancer-related death in women worldwide. BC is frequently associated with elevated levels of nicotinamide phosphoribos yltransferase (NAMPT) in blood and tumor tissue. MicroRNA-494 (miR-494) has been described to play key anti-tumor roles in human cancers. The aim of the present study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of miR-494 on NAMPT-mediated viability of BC cells. In this experimental study, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were cultured and then transfec ted with miR-494 mimic, miR-494 inhibitor and their negative controls. The mRNA and protein expression of NAMPT were assessed using real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Subseq uently, intracellular NAD levels were determined by a colorimetric method. Finally, cell apoptosis was examined by fl ow cytometry. Bioinformatics evaluations pre- dicted NAMPT as a miR-494 target gene which was confirmed by luciferase reporter assay. Our results showed an inverse relationship between the expression of miR-494 and NAMPT in both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines. miR-494 significantly down-regulated NAMPT mRNA and protein expression and was also able to reduce the cellular NAD content. Cell viability was decreased fo llowing miR-494 up-regulation. In addition, apoptosis was induced in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells by miR-494 mimic. Our findings indicate that miR-494 acts as a tumor suppressor and has an important effect in suppressing the growth of BC cells through NAMPT. Therefore, miR-494 might be considered as a novel therapeutic target for the management of human breast cancer.
Subject Headings: Breast cancer
Issue Date: 2019-09-12
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