Authors: Quashie, Nekehia T.
Wagner, Melanie
Verbakel, Ellen
Deindl, Christian
Title: Socioeconomic differences in informal caregiving in Europe
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Disclosing socioeconomic differences in informal care provision is increasingly important in aging societies as it helps to identify the segments of the population that may need targeted support and the types of national investments to support family caregivers. This study examines the association between individual-level socioeconomic status and informal care provision within the household. We also examine the role of contextual factors, income inequality, and the generosity of social spending, to identify how macro-level socioeconomic resource structures shape individuals’ provision of care to household members. We use pooled data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE, waves 1, 2, 4, 5, 6) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA, waves 2, 3, 4, 6, 7). Poisson regression multilevel models estimate the associations between household socioeconomic status (education, income, and wealth), and country socioeconomic resources (income inequality and social spending as a percentage of GDP), and the likelihood of older adults’ informal care provision within the household. Results indicate that lower individual socioeconomic resources—education, income, and wealth—were associated with a higher incidence of older adults’ informal care provision within the household. At the macro-level, income inequality was positively associated while social spending was negatively associated with older adults’ care provision within the household. Our findings suggest that socioeconomically disadvantaged groups are more likely to provide informal care, which may reinforce socioeconomic inequalities. At the national level, more equitable resource distribution and social spending may reduce intensive family caregiving.
Subject Headings: Informal caregiving
Socioeconomic inequality
Subject Headings (RSWK): Europa |
Sozioökonomische Entwicklung |
Soziale Ungleichheit |
Hauspflege |
Issue Date: 2021-12-14
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Appears in Collections:Sozialstruktur und Soziologie alternder Gesellschaften

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