Authors: Gajardo-Parra, Nicolás F.
Akrofi-Mantey, Harold
Ascani, Moreno
Cea-Klapp, Esteban
Matias Garrido, José
Sadowski, Gabriele
Held, Christoph
Title: Osmolyte effect on enzymatic stability and reaction equilibrium of formate dehydrogenase
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Osmolytes are well-known biocatalyst stabilisers as they promote the folded state of proteins, and a stabilised biocatalyst might also improve reaction kinetics. In this work, the influence of four osmolytes (betaine, glycerol, trehalose, and trimethylamine N-oxide) on the activity and stability of Candida bondinii formate dehydrogenase cbFDH was studied experimentally and theoretically. Scanning differential fluorimetric studies were performed to assess the thermal stability of cbFDH, while UV detection was used to reveal changes in cbFDH activity and reaction equilibrium at osmolyte concentrations between 0.25 and 1 mol kg−1. The thermodynamic model ePC-SAFT advanced allowed predicting the effects of osmolyte on the reaction equilibrium by accounting for interactions involving osmolyte, products, substrates, and water. The results show that osmolytes at low concentrations were beneficial for both, thermal stability and cbFDH activity, while keeping the equilibrium yield at high level. Molecular dynamics simulations were used to describe the solvation around the cbFDH surface and the volume exclusion effect, proofing the beneficial effect of the osmolytes on cbFDH activity, especially at low concentrations of trimethylamine N-oxide and betaine. Different mechanisms of stabilisation (dependent on the osmolyte) show the importance of studying solvent–protein dynamics towards the design of optimised biocatalytic processes.
Subject Headings (RSWK): Formiate
Candida boidinii
Issue Date: 2022-11-03
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Appears in Collections:Lehrstuhl Thermodynamik

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