|Authors:||Abdel-Salam, Omar M.E.|
Baiuomy, Ayman R.
Nada, Somaia A.
|Title:||Effect of spironolactone on pain responses in mice|
|Abstract:||The effects of spironolactone, a non-selective aldosterone antagonist, were examined on thermally-induced pain using the hot-plate and tail-flick tests, on hemogenic pain induced by intraplantar capsaicin, on electrically-induced pain, on visceral nociception induced by intraperitoneal acetic acid injection and on haloperidol-induced catalepsy in mice. Spironolactone significantly shortened response latency in the mouse tail-flick test but produced modest decreases in response latencies in the mouse hot plate test. The drug reduced the antinociceptive effect of tramadol in the hot plate test. Spironolactone in addition decreased nociceptive thresholds of electrically-induced pain in mice. In contrast, spironolactone elicited significant antinociceptive actions in the mouse acetic-acid-induced writhing assay and at doses of 20-160 mg/kg decreased capsaicin-induced chemogenic pain. Spironolactone at doses of 40 or 80 mg/kg reduced spontaneous activity and produced a significant impairment on the rotarod test in mice. The drug (10-80 mg/kg) increased the duration of catalepsy induced by haloperidol by 56.3-188.5 %. In conclusion, spironolactone increased pain behavior in a dosedependent manner in models of thermal and electrical pain, but decreased inflammatory visceral pain due to intraperitoneal acetic acid and chemogenic pain due to intraplantar capsaicin. The effect of spironolactone on various types of pain needs further evaluation.|
|Subject Headings:||Acute nociceptive pain|
|Appears in Collections:||Original Articles|
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