Aims and ScopeThe journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews and case reports of experimental and clinical sciences.
The EXCLI Journal is particularly keen to keep a broad view of science and technology, and therefore welcomes papers which bridge disciplines and may not suit the narrow specialism of other journals. Although the general emphasis is on biological sciences, physical and chemical aspects are published often.
Note: EXCLI Journal is entirely independent of the University of Dortmund and the Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Dortmund. Views expressed are those of the editors of EXCLI Journal or its authors.
- Open access to full text articles as the journal is managed by the Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors with no commercial interest
- Publication is free of costs for scientists
- Color pictures are also published free of costs
- Online submission and reviewing process
- Publication is rapid: EXCLI J guarantees a decision by two referees within 20 days after the manuscript is received.
- Fast track system: Many authors may feel their data should be published even faster. EXCLI J will agree to a manuscript entering fast-track when this is requested by the authors. In this case EXCLI J is prepared to give a decision within 7 days. However, the rate of rejections is higher for the fast track.
- First submissions of manuscripts may be done in any format. For instance, it is not necessary to format references in the style of EXCLI J. As soon as a manuscript is accepted the authors may format their article in the style of EXCLI J. We guarantee publication within 7 days as soon as we receive an accepted, correctly formatted manuscript.
- Although the majority of our articles does not exceed 10 pages there is no limitation of space. Long articles and extensive reviews are also welcome. Also extensive descriptions of Materials and Methods that facilitate reproduction of experiments as well as additional materials (films, simulations, original data sets) may be published by EXCLI J.
- EXCLI J is a new journal. Nevertheless, the average citation rate of an article published since our foundation in December 2002 and February 2005 is 2.4 citations per article considering exclusively citations indexed by ISI Web of Science.
- Areas of interest of EXCLI J include: Biochemistry, Biomedical Research, Biology, Cell Biology, Clinical Studies, Developmental Biology, Genetics, Immunology, Legal Medicine, Molecular Biology, Neurobiology, Oncology, Pharmacology, Plant Biology, Proteomics, Systems Biology, Toxicology.
Avelumab is an anti-PD-L1 (programmed death-ligand 1) immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICIs) and the monoclonal antibody that constitutes a major development in the immunotherapy of cancer. In 2017, The European Medicine Agency (EMA) approved it as an orphan drug for treatment of gastric cancer. Avelumab has recently been approved in the United States, Europe and Japan for treatment of metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). Avelumab inhibits the interaction of Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD...
Cancer imposes a global health burden as it represents one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality while also giving rise to significant economic burden owing to the associated expenditures for its monitoring and treatment. In spite of advancements in cancer therapy, the low success rate and recurrence of tumor has necessitated the ongoing search for new therapeutic agents. Aside from drugs based on small molecules and protein-based biopharmaceuticals, there has been an intense effo...
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an endocrine disorder. In coming decades it will be one of the leading causes of death globally. The key factors in the pathogenesis of diabetes are cellular injuries and disorders of energy metabolism leading to severe diabetic complications. Recent studies have confirmed that autophagy plays a pivotal role in diabetes and its complications. It has been observed that autophagy regulates the normal function of pancreatic β cells and insulin-target tissues, such as s...
Aromatase is a rate-limiting enzyme for estrogen biosynthesis that is overproduced in breast cancer tissue. To block the growth of breast tumors, aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are employed to bind and inhibit aromatase in order to lower the amount of estrogen produced in the body. Although a number of synthetic aromatase inhibitors have been released for clinical use in the treatment of hormone-receptor positive breast cancer, these inhibitors may lead to undesirable side effects (e.g. increase...
Polyurethane Flexible Foams (PUF) are versatile materials used in upholstered furniture and bed mattresses. Due to the production procedure, fresh foams emit volatile organic compounds (VOC). Chamber tests issued by the European association of flexible polyurethane foam blocks manufacturers (EUROPUR) revealed certain levels of VOCs, and the emission rates are declining over time. To assess the risk associated to these VOCs which, as a consequence, might be detectable in indoor air where thes...
The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of 8-oxo-9-octadecenoic acid (OOA) isolated from Undaria peterseniana by examining its ability to inhibit the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced production of inflammatory mediators in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. We found that OOA significantly suppressed the LPS-induced production of nitric oxide (NO) and inflammatory cytokines. OOA downregulated the LPS-induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxyge...
Due to the restricted potential of the heart to regenerate its damaged region, stem cell therapy is a promising treatment modality for myocardial infarction. It has been shown that incubation of bone marrow-derived stromal cells (BMSCs) with initial steps of cardiac differentiation in vitro, can have a significant effect on their therapeutic opotential to treat myocardial infarction. Based on these well-established principals we were encouraged to study the direct co-culture of rat BMSCs with...
Pituitary adenomas, the most common tumors of all intracranial neoplasms, may cause either symptoms of mass effect or symptoms of hormone abnormal production. Besides physical damages, patients with pituitary adenomas always suffer from cognitive impairments, mainly in memory and executive functions. 18 beta-glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) has been found to exhibit anti-tumor effects in rat pituitary adenoma-derived cells. The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of GA in postoperative c...
The construction industry is one of the largest and most hazardous industries in the world, which has a direct role in the development of countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of self-reported workrelated illness and injuries among construction workers in Shiraz, Iran. 850 randomly selected workers from 2450 construction sites completed a self-statement questionnaire regarding the prevalence of self-reported work-related illness and injuries (WRIIs), in Sh...
Little is known about biogenically synthesized Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) from Isodon rugosus. Synthesis of metal oxide NPs from essential oil producing medicinal plants results in less harmful side effects to the human population as compared to chemically synthesized NPs. In this article, we report biogenic synthesis of ZnONPs from in vitro derived plantlets and thidiazuron (TDZ) induced callus culture of Isodon rugosus. Synthesized NPs were characterized using UV-spectra, XRD, FT...
Animal hair examination at a criminal scene may provide valuable information in forensic investigations. However, local reference databases for animal hair identification are rare. In the present study, we provide differential histological analysis of hair of some domestic animals in Upper Egypt. For this purpose, guard hair of large ruminants (buffalo, camel and cow), small ruminants (sheep and goat), equine (horse and donkey) and canine (dog and cat) were collected and comparative analy...
Bone is one of the most common sites of complication in multiple myeloma (MM) progression and bone remodeling gets definitively perturbed during disease progression. Hypoxia and miR-210 play an important role in hematological malignancies. In an attempt to elucidate the specificity of the pathways of hypoxia and miR-210 in suppression of osteoblastic differentiation in MM patients, we examined the effect of miR-210 and hypoxia on expression of important cytokines and genes of myeloma cell...
Aging is often accompanied by a decline in cognitive function in conjunction with a variety of neurobiological changes, including neuroinflammation. Melatonin is a key endogenous indoleamine secreted by the pineal gland that plays a crucial role in the regulation of circadian rhythms, is a potent free radical scavenger, has anti-inflammatory activity and serves numerous other functions. However, the role of melatonin in sterile inflammation in the brain has not been fully investigated. In...
Objectives: The current study aimed at evaluating the major domains of stressful life events and their association with psychological problems profile in a large sample of Iranian industrial manufacturing employees. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 3,063 participants were randomly selected from 16,000 employees working in a big industrial company in Isfahan, Iran. Three common psychological problems i.e. depression, anxiety and psychological distress were evaluated using Persian valid...
Many studies examined the association between miR-124-1 rs531564 polymorphism and the risk of some human cancers, but the findings remain controversial. This update meta-analysis aimed to validate the association between rs531564 polymorphism of miR-124-1 and cancer risk. Eligible studies including 6,502 cancer cases and 7,213 controls were documented by searching Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and Google scholar databases. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) we...
A series of thiazolidine derivatives were designed by docking into PPAR-γ active site. The structure of target was obtained from the protein data bank (PDB ID P37231). A library of 200 molecules was prepared on random basis. Molecular docking studies were performed using VLife MDS 4.3 software. After molecular docking studies, the 4-substituted-6-methyl-2-thioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid N-[4-(2,4-dioxo-thiazolidin-5- ylidenemethyl)-phenyl]-hydrazides (4a-4h) were sel...
The NGR peptide is one of the well-known peptides for targeting tumor cells. It has the ability to target aminopeptidase N (CD13) on tumor cells or the tumor vascular endothelium. In this study, the NGR peptide was used for targeting A subunit of the Shiga toxin to cancer cells. The cytotoxic effect of the A-NGR fusion protein was assessed on HT1080, U937, HT29 cancer cells and MRC-5 normal cells. For this purpose, cells were treated with different concentrations of A-NGR (0.5-40 μg/ml). ...
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have remarkable potential for use in regenerative medicine. However, one of the great challenges is preserving their potency for long time. This study investigated the effect of miRNA ectopic expression on their proliferation and also on the expression level of Parp1 as an epigenetic switch preserving pluripotency in hMSCs. A cationic liposome was prepared as an efficient carrier for miRNA delivery. The miRNA loading efficiency and physical stability o...
Introduction: Hyperuricemia is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression and poor cardiovascular outcomes. We studied the effect of febuxostat on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), proteinuria and monitored the safety profile of the medication. Material and Methods: This is a prospective open-label, randomized study in CKD stage 3 and 4 patients with diabetic nephropathy and asymptomatic hyperuricemia. Patients were randomized into febuxostat 40 mg daily and no t...
- J. G. Hengstler
Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors
- B. C. Behera, Pune, India
- T. Chen, Stanford, CA/USA
- E. Corsini, Milan, Italy
- P. Diel, Cologne, Germany
- C. Esser, Duesseldorf, Germany
- P. B. Farmer, Leicester/UK
- S. Hammad, South Valley/Egypt
- P. Jennings, Innsbruck, Austria
- M. Lotti, Bonn, Germany / Padova, Italy
- P. Micke, Uppsala, Sweden
- A. N. Misra, Ranchi, Jharkhand State, India
- B. Ponugoti, Pennsylvania, PA/USA
- C. Pope, Stillwater, OK/USA
- K. Renganathan, Johnstown, PA/USA
- S. D. Ray, Fort Wayne, IN/USA
- M. Schwarz, Tuebingen, Germany
- J. Timmer, Freiburg, Germany
- H. van Steeg, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
- A. Winterpacht, Erlangen, Germany
- Y. Zhou, New Haven, CT/USA
Address & Contact:Susanne Lindemann
Managing editor/EXCLI Journal
Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors
Fon +49 231 1084 251