Aims and ScopeThe journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews and case reports of experimental and clinical sciences.
The EXCLI Journal is particularly keen to keep a broad view of science and technology, and therefore welcomes papers which bridge disciplines and may not suit the narrow specialism of other journals. Although the general emphasis is on biological sciences, physical and chemical aspects are published often.
Note: EXCLI Journal is entirely independent of the University of Dortmund and the Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Dortmund. Views expressed are those of the editors of EXCLI Journal or its authors.
- Open access to full text articles as the journal is managed by the Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors with no commercial interest
- Publication is free of costs for scientists
- Color pictures are also published free of costs
- Online submission and reviewing process
- Publication is rapid: EXCLI J guarantees a decision by two referees within 20 days after the manuscript is received.
- Fast track system: Many authors may feel their data should be published even faster. EXCLI J will agree to a manuscript entering fast-track when this is requested by the authors. In this case EXCLI J is prepared to give a decision within 7 days. However, the rate of rejections is higher for the fast track.
- First submissions of manuscripts may be done in any format. For instance, it is not necessary to format references in the style of EXCLI J. As soon as a manuscript is accepted the authors may format their article in the style of EXCLI J. We guarantee publication within 7 days as soon as we receive an accepted, correctly formatted manuscript.
- Although the majority of our articles does not exceed 10 pages there is no limitation of space. Long articles and extensive reviews are also welcome. Also extensive descriptions of Materials and Methods that facilitate reproduction of experiments as well as additional materials (films, simulations, original data sets) may be published by EXCLI J.
- EXCLI J is a new journal. Nevertheless, the average citation rate of an article published since our foundation in December 2002 and February 2005 is 2.4 citations per article considering exclusively citations indexed by ISI Web of Science.
- Areas of interest of EXCLI J include: Biochemistry, Biomedical Research, Biology, Cell Biology, Clinical Studies, Developmental Biology, Genetics, Immunology, Legal Medicine, Molecular Biology, Neurobiology, Oncology, Pharmacology, Plant Biology, Proteomics, Systems Biology, Toxicology.
Based upon the known potential interaction between omeprazole (OMP) and clopidogrel (CLOP), the current study was designed to evaluate the effect of CLOP on disposition of OMP and its two major metabolites, 5-hy- droxyomeprazole (5-OH-OMP) and omeprazole sulfone (OMP-S) in healthy clinical subjects. A randomized, open label, 2-period, crossover study was designed. Twelve volunteers were selected, of whom eight were extensive metabolizers (EM) of CYP2C19 and 4 were poor metabolizers (PM). They...
The aim of the present meta-analysis was to find out the impact of MIF -173 G > C polymorphism on risk of tuberculosis (TB). We conducted a search of case–control studies on the associations of -173 G > C variant of MIF with susceptibility to tuberculosis in PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and Scopus. We extracted the data from eligible studies and achieved a meta-analysis to examine the relationship between MIF -173 G > C polymorphism and the risk of TB. Odds ratios (ORs) with the corresponding ...
Anacardium microcarpum Ducke (Anacardiaceae) is a native species of Brazil used in folk medicine for the treatment of several illnesses although its antioxidant activity has been reported in vitro, there is no evidence of this effect in an in vivo model. Here, we investigated the potential protective effect of hydroalcoholic extract (AMHE), methanol (AMMF) and acetate (AMAF) fraction of A. microcarpum against paraquat toxicity on survivorship, locomotor performance, antioxidant enzymes activi...
Oral tolerance (OT) towards antigens encountered in the gut is a vital immune function of gut immunity. Experimental models can demonstrate OT efficacy by feeding of a protein followed by peripheral immunization and measuring the specific antibody titer. We had previously shown that exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), a xenobiotic high-affinity aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-ligand, destabilized OT against ovalbumin (OVA) in mice. AhR is involved in the developm...
Schisandrae Fructus, the fruit of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill., is widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of a number of chronic diseases. Although, Schisandrae Fructus was recently reported to attenuate the interleukin (IL)-1β-induced inflammatory response in chondrocytes in vitro, its protective and therapeutic potential against osteoarthritis (OA) in an animal model remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated the effects of the ethanol extract of Schisandrae Fructus ...
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been suggested to be well correlated with altered blood pressure. This study was conducted to determine the effects of symbiotic and vitamin E supplementation on blood pressure and inflammatory indices of patients with NAFLD. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed among 60 NAFLD patients aged 25 to 64 years old. Participants were randomly divided into four groups to receive a 400 IU alpha-tocopherol and 2 ×...
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurologic disorders. Underlying cause of epilepsy is unknown in 60 % of the patients. Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite which is capable of forming tissue cysts in brain of chronically infected hosts including humans. Some epidemiological studies suggested an association between tox- oplasmosis and acquisition of epilepsy. In this study we determined seroprevalence of latent Toxoplasma infection in a population of Iranian epileptic patien...
Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone System (RAAS) plays an important role in the development of hypertension. On the other hand, hypertension is a well-known and independent risk factor for cognitive impairment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of blood pressure control, plasma angiotensin peptides and aldoste- rone with cognitive functions. Forty-one patients who were under treatment with the same antihypertensive med- ications for at least three months were ...
The purpose of the present investigation was to study the aerosolization, lungs deposition and pharmacokinetic study of inhalable submicron particles of budesonide in male Wistar rats. Submicron particles were prepared by antisolvent nanoprecipitation method and freeze-dried to obtain free flowing powder. The freeze-drying process yielded dry powder with desirable aerodynamic properties for inhalation therapy. An in-house model inhaler was designed to deliver medicine to lungs, opti...
Neuropathic pain occurs after peripheral nerve damage, inflammation or infection. In this situation, microglial cells become activated and play a key role in producing pain. Minocycline (microglia inhibitor), was reported to reduce pain when used preventively. However, it seems that, when used after nerve injury, results in its pain reducing effects are different. In this regard, to assess the pain reducing differences of minocycline, neuropathic pain was induced by the ligation of ...
β-glucan particles (GP) are polymeric carbohydrates, mainly found as components of cell wall fungi, yeast, bacteria and also in cereals such as barley and oat, and have been recently shown to have application in macrophagetargeted drug delivery. The aim of this study was to prepare and characterize GP containing a large payload of Rifabutin (RB), an anti-tuberculosis drug effective against MDR-TB at lower MIC than Rifampicin. GP were prepared from yeast cells by acidic and alkaline extraction...
Differential expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been implicated in leukemogenesis. We investigate the ex- pression pattern of miR-196b. Using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), we detected the expression of miR- 196b and its correlated genes (SMC1A/MLH1) in initial pediatric AML. A significant association was observed between overexpression of miR-196b and inferior overall survival of pediatric AML (Log Rank P<0.0001). AML M4/5 subtype, high white blood ...
The aim of this study is to evaluate the chemical composition, antioxidant, antimicrobial, insecticidal and allelopa- thic activities of Tunisia Salvia officinalis essential oil (SoEO). The SoEO was characterized by the presence of 49 components with camphor (25.14 %), α-thujone (18.83 %), 1,8-cineole (14.14 %), viridiflorol (7.98 %), β-thu- jone (4.46 %) and β-caryophyllene (3.30 %) as the major components, determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The level of antioxidan...
A number of quinones have been shown to be efficient anticancer agents. However, some mechanisms of their action, in particular cell signaling are not well understood. The aim of this study was to partly fill this gap by characterizing the mode of cytotoxicity of 2,5-diaziridinyl-3,6-dimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone (MeDZQ) in malignant mouse hepatoma cells (MH-22A) with regard to the expression and activation of main molecules in MAPK cell signaling pathway. The study revealed unequal roles of MAP ...
Peripheral nerve injuries can cause disabilities, social or economic problems. Melatonin, the secretory product of the pineal gland has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of melatonin on the recovery of sciatic nerve after injury, comparing its effect when given in the light or the dark periods. Forty adult male Albino rats were allocated into four groups: control, nerve injury, nerve injury + melatonin given at light and nerv...
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer that affects women all over the world. Early detection and treatment of breast cancer could decline the mortality rate. Some issues such as technical reasons, which related to imaging quality and human error, increase misdiagnosis of breast cancer by radiologists. Computer-aided detection systems (CADs) are developed to overcome these restrictions and have been studied in many imaging modalities for breast cancer detection in recent years. ...
DNA methylation at CpG rich regions often occurs at tumor suppressor gene promoters, resulting in reduced gene expression and final carcinogenesis. Hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes, including DAPK-1 and RASSF-1α genes, have been found in patients with bladder carcinoma (BC) in some western countries. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) was reported to play a causative role in gene hypermethylation. In this study, we detected the methylation status and expression of DAPK1 and RAS...
Dibutyltin dichloride (DBTC) is an organotin compound used as model for acute and chronic pancreatitis. Oxidative stress is one of the mechanisms of propagation of acinar cell injury in acute pancreatitis. Selenium is an essential cofactor in the antioxidant glutathione peroxidase pathway. Selenium levels are described to be subnormal in patients with acute and chronic pancreatitis. The aim of our studies was to determine the prophylactic effect of Na-selenite [5 mg kg-1 body weight (b.w.) pe...
In this study, the antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of isolated compounds from the roots of Onosma visianii were investigated. By using different chromatographic techniques and appropriate spectroscopic methods, the seven naphthoquinones were described: deoxyshikonin (1), isobutyrylshikonin (2), α-methylbutyrylshikonin (3), acetylshikonin (4), ß-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin (5), 5,8-O-dimethyl isobutyrylshikonin (6) and 5,8-O-dimethyl deoxyshikonin (7). Among the tested compounds, 3 and 4 ...
- J. G. Hengstler
Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors
- B. C. Behera, Pune, India
- T. Chen, Stanford, CA/USA
- E. Corsini, Milan, Italy
- P. Diel, Cologne, Germany
- C. Esser, Duesseldorf, Germany
- P. B. Farmer, Leicester/UK
- S. Hammad, South Valley/Egypt
- P. Jennings, Innsbruck, Austria
- M. Lotti, Bonn, Germany / Padova, Italy
- P. Micke, Uppsala, Sweden
- A. N. Misra, Ranchi, Jharkhand State, India
- B. Ponugoti, Pennsylvania, PA/USA
- C. Pope, Stillwater, OK/USA
- K. Renganathan, Johnstown, PA/USA
- S. D. Ray, Fort Wayne, IN/USA
- M. Schwarz, Tuebingen, Germany
- J. Timmer, Freiburg, Germany
- H. van Steeg, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
- A. Winterpacht, Erlangen, Germany
- Y. Zhou, New Haven, CT/USA
Address & Contact:Susanne Lindemann
Managing editor/EXCLI Journal
Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors
Fon +49 231 1084 251
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