Aims and ScopeThe journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews and case reports of experimental and clinical sciences.
The EXCLI Journal is particularly keen to keep a broad view of science and technology, and therefore welcomes papers which bridge disciplines and may not suit the narrow specialism of other journals. Although the general emphasis is on biological sciences, physical and chemical aspects are published often.
Note: EXCLI Journal is entirely independent of the University of Dortmund and the Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Dortmund. Views expressed are those of the editors of EXCLI Journal or its authors.
- Open access to full text articles as the journal is managed by the Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors with no commercial interest
- Publication is free of costs for scientists
- Color pictures are also published free of costs
- Online submission and reviewing process
- Publication is rapid: EXCLI J guarantees a decision by two referees within 20 days after the manuscript is received.
- Fast track system: Many authors may feel their data should be published even faster. EXCLI J will agree to a manuscript entering fast-track when this is requested by the authors. In this case EXCLI J is prepared to give a decision within 7 days. However, the rate of rejections is higher for the fast track.
- First submissions of manuscripts may be done in any format. For instance, it is not necessary to format references in the style of EXCLI J. As soon as a manuscript is accepted the authors may format their article in the style of EXCLI J. We guarantee publication within 7 days as soon as we receive an accepted, correctly formatted manuscript.
- Although the majority of our articles does not exceed 10 pages there is no limitation of space. Long articles and extensive reviews are also welcome. Also extensive descriptions of Materials and Methods that facilitate reproduction of experiments as well as additional materials (films, simulations, original data sets) may be published by EXCLI J.
- EXCLI J is a new journal. Nevertheless, the average citation rate of an article published since our foundation in December 2002 and February 2005 is 2.4 citations per article considering exclusively citations indexed by ISI Web of Science.
- Areas of interest of EXCLI J include: Biochemistry, Biomedical Research, Biology, Cell Biology, Clinical Studies, Developmental Biology, Genetics, Immunology, Legal Medicine, Molecular Biology, Neurobiology, Oncology, Pharmacology, Plant Biology, Proteomics, Systems Biology, Toxicology.
Type-E hepatitis is responsible for more than three million symptomatic cases and more than 40,000 deaths worldwide. The situation of this hepatitis is overall poorly known in sub-Saharan Africa. Notably, the baseline circulation of HEV outside sporadic outbreaks has been barely characterized in this large region. More specifically, the impact of superinfection by this virus on the health status of the large reservoir of patients chronically infected with other hepatitis viruses remains to be...
Previous studies proved the pro-angiogenic effect of Crocetin, a natural carotenoid dicarboxylic acid, in both in vivo and in vitro models. However, the exact mechanism of Crocetin action has not completely been elucidated yet. The current experiment was designed to find the activity of PI3K-Akt-eNOS axis after the treatment of endothelial cells with Crocetin in vitro. Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) were incubated with various concentrations of Crocetin (1, 5, 25, 50, and 100...
Ovarian carcinoma is considered as a major clinical challenge worldwide. Exosomes, nano-sized intraluminal vesicles of multivesicular bodies, are secreted by most types of cells and play an important role in intercellular communication. Cancer cell-derived exosomes can develop cancer progression and metastasis by manipulating the local and distant biological environments. Angiogenesis is an important contributor to tumor progression. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the ...
Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn) has been traditionally used as folk medicine for hypertension and maintaining cardiovascular health, with therapeutic potential in protecting against numerous cardiovascular diseases. However, it remains unclear whether roselle can be used for management of cardiac hypertrophy seen after myocardial in- farction (MI). This study therefore investigated the effects of aqueous roselle extract on cardiac hypertrophy aris- ing from myocardial infarction bo...
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative pathology that affects elderly people all over the world. Several studies have demonstrated that oxidative stress is an aggravating factor for AD development and progression. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the activity of two oxidative stress markers, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and δ -aminolevulinate dehydratase ( δ -ALA-D), as well as correlate them with blood metal levels and AD progression. For this purpos...
The immunomodulatory properties of type 2 diabetic patients’ adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (D-ASCs) has not been extensively studied. In this study, we compared the immunomodulatory properties of D-ASCs and non-diabetic subjects mesenchymal stem cells (ND-ASCs) in co-culture with mixed leukocyte reaction (MLR). ASCs were isolated from adipose tissue samples of type 2 diabetic and non-diabetic subjects (age: 40-55). D-ASCs and ND-ASCs were co-cultured with two-way MLR. Per...
Breast cancer (BC) is the most preval ent cause of cancer-related death in women worldwide. BC is frequently associated with elevated levels of nicotinamide phosphoribos yltransferase (NAMPT) in blood and tumor tissue. MicroRNA-494 (miR-494) has been described to play key anti-tumor roles in human cancers. The aim of the present study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of miR-494 on NAMPT-mediated viability of BC cells. In this experimenta...
Multiple studies have revealed that the long non-coding RNA RPPH1 (Ribonuclease P RNA Component H1) is involved in disease progression of solid tumors and neurodegenerative diseases. We aimed to explore the functions of RPPH1 in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and the underlying molecular mechanisms. The expression of RPPH1 was examined in blood samples of AML patients and human AML cell lines including THP-1 and HL-60. The microRNAs (miRNAs) targets of RPPH1 were predicted...
SH - SY5Y cells exposed to l - methyl - 4 - phenylpyridinium (MPP + ) develop mitochondrial dys- function and other cellular responses similar to th ose that occur in the dopaminergic neurons of patients with Parkinson ’ s disease (PD) . It has been shown in animal models of PD that neuronal death can be prevented by metformin, an anti - diabetic drug . Both MPP + and metformin inhibit complex I of the mitochondrial resp iratory chain. It has been reported th...
The presence of some microorganisms in the respiratory tract is a known risk factor for the infection of air passages; however, it is not clear whether this holds true for Candida spp. Thus, our objective was to determine the frequency of yeast colonization in the tracheobronchial secretions of critically ill intubated patients and to assess the presence of these yeasts in the infra-cuff region of the endotracheal tube (ET). Patients aged 18 years or older who had been using an endotracheal t...
Emerging evidence suggests the potential use of rapamycin in treatment of several neurological disorders. The drug readily crosses the blood brain barrier and may exert direct immunomodulatory effects within the brain. Microglia are the main innate immune cells of the brain, thus critically involved in the initiation and development of inflammatory processes at this level. However, there are conflicting data from rodent studies about the pharmac...
Accumulation of senescent endothelial cells can cause endothelium dysfunction which eventually leads to age-related vascular disorders. The senescent-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) cells secrete a plethora of soluble factors that negatively influence the surrounding tissue microenvironment. The present study sought to investigate the effects of exosomes, which are nano-sized extracellular vesicl es known for intercellular communications secreted by SASP ...
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), a rate-limiting enzyme involved in nicotinamide adenine di- nucleotide (NAD) salvage pathway, is overexpressed in many human malignancies such as breast cancer. This enzyme plays a critical role in survival and growth of cancer cells. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are among the most important regulators of gene expression, and serve as potential targets for diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of breast cancer. Therefor...
Ginsenoside Rd (GS-Rd), one of the main pharmacologically active components of ginseng, has shown the poten- tial to stabilize mitochondrial membrane integrity and decr ease apoptotic death in neuronal and non-neuronal cells. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of this bi oactive molecule on the apopto sis-associated cell death in human pancreatic islets. In this regard human pancreatic islets were isolated and grouped for the treatment with GS-Rd. The isolated islets wer...
Luteolin is known to have anticancer activity in various ca ncers. Recent studies have shown that luteolin glyco- sides, such as luteolin-8- C - β -fucopyranoside, 7-methoxy-luteolin-8-C- β -(6- deoxyxylopyranos-3-uloside) and lu- teolin-8-C- β - D -glucopyranoside, flavonoid s that are present in Arthraxon hispidus , exert antimigratory and anti- invasive effects, but no cytotoxic effect in estrogen receptor-positive MCF7 breast cancer cells. In the present...
Being one of the acute clinical problems, peripheral nerve injury can bring about a number of consequences in- cluding severe disability, redu ced Quality of life (QOL) and immense costs. Currently, melatonin and curcumin are widely applied because of their immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, neuro-protective and antioxidant prop- erties. The present stud y aims to compare the effects of melatonin and curcumin during light and dark periods on sciatic nerve crush injury repair. Acco ...
Bleomycin (BLM) is a chemotherapeutic agent which is associated with Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) due to its chronic administration. Hesperidin, a bioflavonoid has been reported to possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, and antiapoptotic potential. To eval uate the therapeutic potential of hesperidin against BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis and deciph er its possible mechanism of action. Intraperitoneal administration of BLM (6 IU/kg) caused induction of IPF in Sprague...
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an ATP-binding cassette transporter involved in the efflux of numerous compounds that influences the pharmacokinetics of xenobiotics. It reduces intestinal absorption and exposure of target cells to toxicity. Thioxanthones are compounds able to induce and/or activate P-gp in vitro. Particularly, 1-(propan-2-ylamino)-4-propoxy-9H-thioxanthen-9-one (TX5) behaves as a P-gp inducer and activator in vitro. The aims of this study were: i) to perform a histological character...
The optimal pharmacological regimen for eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been investigated for many years. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of bismuth-based quadruple therapy (B-QT) and a modified sequential therapy (ST) regimens in eradication of H. pylori. A randomized, double-blind trial was conducted on 344 patients. Patients with H. pylori infection and without a history of previous treatment were randomized to receive 14-day B...
The findings of trials investigating the effect of L-carnitine administration on glycemic control are controversial. This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to explore the effects of L-carnitine intake on glycemic control. Two authors independently searched electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PubMed and Google scholar from 1990 until February 2019, in order to find relevant RCTs. 37 studies with 44 ef...
- J. G. Hengstler
Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors
- B. C. Behera, Pune, India
- T. Chen, Stanford, CA/USA
- E. Corsini, Milan, Italy
- P. Diel, Cologne, Germany
- C. Esser, Duesseldorf, Germany
- P. B. Farmer, Leicester/UK
- S. Hammad, South Valley/Egypt
- P. Jennings, Innsbruck, Austria
- M. Lotti, Bonn, Germany / Padova, Italy
- P. Micke, Uppsala, Sweden
- A. N. Misra, Ranchi, Jharkhand State, India
- B. Ponugoti, Pennsylvania, PA/USA
- C. Pope, Stillwater, OK/USA
- K. Renganathan, Johnstown, PA/USA
- S. D. Ray, Fort Wayne, IN/USA
- M. Schwarz, Tuebingen, Germany
- J. Timmer, Freiburg, Germany
- H. van Steeg, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
- A. Winterpacht, Erlangen, Germany
- Y. Zhou, New Haven, CT/USA
Address & Contact:Susanne Lindemann
Managing editor/EXCLI Journal
Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors
Fon +49 231 1084 251