|Title:||Information Complexity and Data Stream Algorithms for Basic Problems|
|Abstract:||Data stream algorithms obtain their input as a stream of data elements that have to be processed immediately as they arrive using only a very limited amount of memory. They solve a new class of algorithmic problems that emerged recently with the growing importance of computer networks and the ever-increasing size of the data sets that are processed algorithmically. In this thesis data stream algorithms for basic problems under extreme space restrictions are developed, namely counting and random sampling. Then we apply these algorithms to improve the space complexity of the celebrated data stream algorithm for the computation of frequency moments by Alon, Matias, and Szegedy for very long data streams. Lower bounds on the space complexity of data stream algorithms are usually proved by using communication complexity arguments. Information complexity is a related field that applies Shannon's information theory to obtain lower bounds on the communication complexity of functions. The development of information complexity is closely linked to the recent interest in data stream algorithms since important parts of this theory have been developed to prove a lower bound on the space complexity of data stream algorithms for the frequency moments. In this thesis we prove an optimal lower bound on the multi-party information complexity of the disjointness function, the underlying communication problem in the proof of the lower bound on the space complexity of data stream algorithms for the frequency moments. Additionally, we generalize and simplify known lower bounds on the one-way communication complexity of the index function by using information complexity and we present the first attempt to apply information complexity to multi-party one-way protocols in the number on the forehead model by Chandra, Furst, and Lipton.|
|Appears in Collections:||LS 02 Komplexitätstheorie und Effiziente Algorithmen|
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