Authors: Hussein, H.
Mohd Shahrir, M.S.
Sakthiswary, R.
Shahril, N.S.
Syahrul Sazliyana, S.
Title: Beyond the joints in rheumatoid arthritis
Other Titles: effects of adalimumab on hematologic and lipid indices
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Introduction: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) is a multifunctional cytokine which plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Apart from its well recognized pro-inflammatory properties, it is known to interfere with lipid metabolism and erythropoiesis. Materials and Methods: We evaluated the effects of adalimumab on hematologic, lipid and inflammatory parameters using data from patients on adalimumab 40 mg fortnightly from 2 centers in Malaysia. Mean changes in laboratory values from baseline to Weeks 4, 12 and 24 were compared using paired T test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: We studied 18 patients with RA who were on adalimumab 40 mg fortnightly. The inflammatory markers i.e. erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C reactive protein showed significant changes as early as at week 4 compared to baseline with p values of 0.003 and 0.005, respectively. From a baseline of high disease activity with a mean Disease Activity Score using 28 joint counts (DAS 28) of 5.3, there was a steady improvement in the disease activity and remission was achieved at week 24 with a DAS 28 of 2.4. The hemoglobin level improved at week 12 (p=0.013) and this was sustained till week 24. As opposed to previous studies, the LDL level significantly decreased at week 12 (p=0.015) and this change persisted till week 24 (p=0.001). The total cholesterol showed a similar pattern as the LDL. Conclusions: The pharmacodynamics of adalimumab therapy in rheumatoid arthritis extend beyond the joints with favorable effects on haemoglobin and lipid profile.
Subject Headings: adalimumab
lipid profile
rheumatoid arthritis
Issue Date: 2012-10-11
Appears in Collections:Original Articles

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