Authors: Hui, Chua Kien
Mahdy, Zaleha Abdullah
Nordin, Nor Anita Megat Mohd
Ugusman, Azizah
Zakaria, Zaiton
Title: Flavonoids of Piper sarmentosum and its cytoprotective effects against oxidative stress
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Abnormalities in endothelial cell structure and function may lead to diseases such as thrombosis and atherosclerosis. Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis. Previous studies have shown a relationship between a diet rich in flavonoid and a reduced incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Piper sarmentosum (PS) is a plant with high flavonoid content and it possesses antioxidant and anti-atherosclerotic activities. Therefore this study aimed to investigate the flavonoids present in aqueous extract of PS (AEPS) and its cytoprotective effects in oxidative stress-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). AEPS contained high total phenolic content (91.02 ± 0.02 mg QE/g DM) and total flavonoid content (48.57 ± 0.03 mg GAE/g DM). Screening using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique showed the presence of rutin and vitexin as the main flavonoids in AEPS. HUVEC were exposed to 180 μM H2O2 and treated with various concentrations of rutin or vitexin (10 to 400 μM) for 24 hours. Both rutin and vitexin at the concentration of 150-400 μM significantly increased the viability of H2O2-induced HUVEC as denoted by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Therefore rutin and vitexin as the main flavonoids present in PS may be involved in the protective effects of PS against oxidative stress.
Subject Headings: flavonoid
human umbilical vein endothelial cells
oxidative stress
Piper sarmentosum
Issue Date: 2012-11-16
Appears in Collections:Original Articles

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