Authors: Yasuda, Kyoko
Ushio, Hideki
Title: Keyhole limpet hemocyanin induces innate immunity via Syk and Erk phosphorylation
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Hemocyanin is an extracellular respiratory protein containing copper in hemolymph of invertebrates, such as Mollusk and Arthropod. Keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) is one of hemocyanins and has many years of experience for vaccine developments and immunological studies in mammals including human. However, the association between KLH and the immune systems, especially the innate immune systems, remains poorly understood. The aim of this study is to clarify the direct effects of KLH on the innate immune systems. KLH activated an inflammation-related transcription factor NF-kB as much as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in a human monocytic leukemia THP-1 reporter cell line. We have found that the KLH-induced NF-kB activation is partially involved in a spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) pathway. We have also successfully revealed that an extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk), a member of mitogen-activated protein kinases, is located in an upstream of NF-kB activation induced by KLH. Furthermore, a Syk phosphorylation inhibitor partially suppressed the Erk activation in KLH-stimulated THP-1. These results suggest that both Syk and Erk associate with the KLH-induced NF-kB activation in the human monocyte.
Subject Headings: keyhole limpet hemocyanin
innate immunity
Issue Date: 2016-08-03
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