Authors: Saleem, Ammara
Akhtar, Muhammad Furqan
Mushtaq, Muhammed Fahd
Saleem, Muhammad
Muhammad, Syed Taqi
Akhtar, Bushra
Sharif, Ali
Peerzada, Sohaib
Title: Current trends in the treatment of hepatitis C
Other Titles: interventions to avoid adverse effects and increase effectiveness of anti-HCV drugs
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Viral hepatitis, an inflammatory liver disease, is caused by various genotypes of hepatitis C viruses (HCV). Hepatitis C slowly sprouts into fibrosis, which progresses to cirrhosis. Over a prolonged period of time compensated cirrhosis can advance to decompensated cirrhosis culminating in hepatic failure and death. Conventional treatment of HCV involves the administration of interferons. However, association of interferon with the adverse drug reactions led to the development of novel anti-HCV drugs given as monotherapy or in combination with the other drugs. Advances in drug delivery systems (DDS) improved the pharmacokinetic profile and stability of drugs, ameliorated tissue damages on extravasation and increased the targeting of affected sites. Liposomes and lipid based vehicles have been employed with polyethylene glycol (PEG) so as to stabilize the formulations as PEG drug complex. Sofosbuvir, a novel anti-HCV drug, is administered as monotherapy or in combination with daclatasvir, ledipasivir, protease inhibitors, ribavirin and interferon for the treatment of HCV genotypes 1, 2 and 3. These drug combinations are highly effective in eradicating the interferon resistance, recurrent HCV infection in liver transplant, concurrent HIV infection and preventing interferon related adverse effects. Further investigations to improve drug targeting and identification of new drug targets are highly warranted due to the rapid emergence of drug resistance in HCV.
Subject Headings: Hepatitis C
anti-HCV drugs
interferon
sofosbuvir
nanoparticles
pegylation
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2003/35871
http://dx.doi.org/10.17877/DE290R-17895
Issue Date: 2016-10-14
Appears in Collections:Review Articles

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