Authors: Rateb, Enas Ezzat
Amin, Shaimaa Nasr
El-Tablawy, Nashw
Rashed, Laila Ahmed
El-Attar, Samah
Title: Effect of melatonin supplemented at the light or dark period on recovery of sciatic nerve injury in rats
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Peripheral nerve injuries can cause disabilities, social or economic problems. Melatonin, the secretory product of the pineal gland has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of melatonin on the recovery of sciatic nerve after injury, comparing its effect when given in the light or the dark periods. Forty adult male Albino rats were allocated into four groups: control, nerve injury, nerve injury + melatonin given at light and nerve injury + melatonin given at dark. Nerve injury was initiated by clamping the sciatic nerve. Sciatic functional index (SFI) was measured preoperatively and postoperatively. Melatonin was given daily for six weeks. Recovery of the function was analyzed by functional analysis, electrophysiological analysis and biochemical measurement of Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Interleukin 1-beta (IL-1 β), Nerve growth factor (NGF), and bcl-2. Melatonin improved SFI, nerve conduction velocity (NCV) and the force of gastrocnemius muscle contraction as compared to the untreated rats. SOD activity, NGF, and bcl-2 were significantly increased, while IL-1β was significantly decreased after melatonin treatment as compared to the untreated injury group. SFI reached the control level; muscle contraction and IL-1B were significantly improved in the group treated with melatonin in the dark. Melatonin fastened the neural recovery and may be used in the treatment of nerve injury and it induced better nerve regeneration when the rats were treated during the dark period.
Subject Headings: Melatonin
nerve injury
Issue Date: 2017-03-06
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