Authors: Yaripour, Saeid
Mohammadi, Ali
Esfanjani, Isa
Walker, Roderick B
Nojavan, Saeed
Title: Quantitation of zolpidem in biological fluids by electro-driven microextraction combined with HPLC-UV analysis
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: In this study, for the first time, an electro-driven microextraction method named electromembrane extraction combined with a simple high performance liquid chromatography and ultraviolet detection was developed and validated for the quantitation of zolpidem in biological samples. Parameters influencing electromembrane extraction were evaluated and optimized. The membrane consisted of 2-ethylhexanol immobilized in the pores of a hollow fiber. As a driving force, a 150 V electric field was applied to facilitate the analyte migration from the sample matrix to an acceptor solution through a supported liquid membrane. The pHs of donor and acceptor solutions were optimized to 6.0 and 2.0, respectively. The enrichment factor was obtained >75 within 15 minutes. The effect of carbon nanotubes (as solid nano-sorbents) on the membrane performance and EME efficiency was evaluated. The method was linear over the range of 10-1000 ng/mL for zolpidem (R2 >0.9991) with repeatability ( %RSD) between 0.3 % and 7.3 % (n = 3). The limits of detection and quantitation were 3 and 10 ng/mL, respectively. The sensitivity of HPLC-UV for the determination of zolpidem was enhanced by electromembrane extraction. Finally, the method was employed for the quantitation of zolpidem in biological samples with relative recoveries in the range of 60–79 %.
Subject Headings: Biological fluids
Electromembrane extraction
Issue Date: 2018-04-23
Rights link:
Appears in Collections:Original Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Mohammadi_23042018_proof.pdfDNB463.6 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Mohammadi_23042018_supplementary_data.xlsDNB151 kBMicrosoft ExcelView/Open
container.zipDNB-Container471.31 kBzipView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons