Authors: Heyder, Anke
Hek, Margriet van
Houtte, Mieke van
Title: When gender stereotypes get male adolescents into trouble
Other Titles: a longitudinal study on gender conformity pressure as a predictor of school misconduct
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: School misconduct is a threat to educational careers and learning. The present study sheds light on why male adolescents in particular are prone to school misconduct. Qualitative research has argued that male adolescents’ construction of masculinity is a factor driving their school misbehavior. We examined the role of felt pressure to conform to gender stereotypes in predicting school misconduct among male and female adolescents. Data were provided by a three-wave panel study encompassing more than 4200 Flemish early adolescents (ages 12–14). Three-level growth curve models showed that male adolescents misbehaved more in school than female adolescents did. Male adolescents also demonstrated a steeper increase in school misconduct than female adolescents. Furthermore, greater felt gender conformity pressure predicted an increase in school misconduct in male adolescents but not in female adolescents. We conclude that school misconduct forms part of an enactment of masculine gender identity with detrimental consequences for male adolescents’ educational achievement.
Subject Headings: School misconduct
Human sex differences
Pressure for gender conformity
Sex roles
Gender identity
Behavior problems
Subject Headings (RSWK): Schule
Abweichendes Verhalten
Issue Date: 2020-04-16
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Appears in Collections:Institut für Psychologie

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