Authors: Dardaei Joghan, Hamed
Hahn, Marlon
Tekkaya, A. Erman
Title: Effect of preheating during laser metal deposition on the properties of laminated bending dies
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Metal-laminated tooling provides a fast and cheap manufacturing concept. In this study, laser metal deposition (LMD) is used for reducing and eliminating the stair step effect in a metal-laminated bending die. Preheating could decrease the undesired residual stresses in additive manufacturing, thus a systematical analysis of the effect of preheating of the laminae on the surface quality and mechanical properties of the bending die is performed. Ferritic steel sheets (S355 MC) with a thickness of 2 mm are laser cut and stacked up to manufacture the laminated bending die with a radius of 6 mm. The sheets are joined and the stair steps are filled with LMD with stainless steel powder 316L-Si. The initial temperature of the tool sheets (substrates), beside room temperature, is elevated up to 300 °C. The effect of the preheating on the surface roughness, shape deviation, hardness, and residual stresses of the die are investigated. The mean height of the surface increases by 59% at elevated temperatures. However, the tensile residual stress parallel to the weld direction at the middle of the deposited area decreases only around 25%. The functionality of the forming tools manufactured by this method is proven by bending of DC06 and HC380LA sheets.
Subject Headings: Additive manufacturing
Laser metal deposition
Laminated tooling
Rapid prototyping
Sheet metal forming
Surface roughness
Subject Headings (RSWK): Rapid Prototyping <Fertigung>
Issue Date: 2022-12-22
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