Authors: Agueusop, Inoncent
Bornkamp, Björn
Fokianos, Konstantinos
Fried, Roland
Fruth, Jana
Ickstadt, Katja
Title: Bayesian outlier detection in INGARCH time series
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: INGARCH models for time series of counts arising, e.g., in epidemiology assume the observations to be Poisson distributed conditionally on the past, with the conditional mean being an affinelinear function of the previous observations and the previous conditional means. We model outliers within such processes, assuming that we observe a contaminated process with additive Poisson distributed contamination, affecting each observation with a small probability. Our particular concern are additive outliers, which do not enter the dynamics of the process and can represent measurement artifacts and other singular events influencing a single observation. Such outliers are difficult to handle within a non-Bayesian framework since the uncontaminated values entering the dynamics of the process at contaminated time points are unobserved. We propose a Bayesian approach to outlier modeling in INGARCH processes, approximating the posterior distribution of the model parameters by application of a componentwise Metropolis- Hastings algorithm. Analyzing real and simulated data sets, we find Bayesian outlier detection with non-informative priors to work well if there are some outliers in the data.
Subject Headings: Additive Outliers
Generalized Linear Models
Level Shift
Time Series of Counts
Issue Date: 2012-07-12
Appears in Collections:Sonderforschungsbereich (SFB) 823

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