Authors: Cui, Hualei
Li, Yan
Lu, Huimin
Tian, Qi
Title: LY294002 induces differentiation and inhibits invasion of glioblastoma cells by targeting GSK-3β and MMP
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Glioblastomas are the most common and devastating primary tumors of the central nervous system, with high proliferative capacity, aggressive invasion, and resistance to conventional therapies. Differentiation therapy has emerged as a promising candidate modality. Here we show that the traditional phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 is capable of inducing differentiation of C6 glioblastoma cells characterized by morphological changes to astrocytic phenotype, increase in differentiation marker protein glial fibrillary acidic pro-tein and inhibition of proliferation. Small interfering RNA against glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) suppresses the induced-differentiation and invasiveness in C6 cells. LY294002 also inhibits MMP-9 expression and invasion of C6 cells, assembling the role of metalloprotease (MMP) inhibitor AG3340. Taken together, these findings suggest differentiation-inducing and invasion-inhibitory effectiveness of LY294002 in glioblastomas, most likely involving inhibition of GSK-3β and MMP respectively.
Subject Headings: differentiation
Issue Date: 2012-09-19
Appears in Collections:Original Articles

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