Authors: LeSage, James P.
Vance, Colin
Chih, Yao-Yu
Title: A Bayesian heterogeneous coefficients spatial autoregressive panel data model of retail fuel duopoly pricing
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: We apply a heterogenous coefficient spatial autoregressive panel model to explore competition/cooperation by duopoly pairs of German fueling stations in setting prices for diesel and E5 fuel. We rely on a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) estimation methodology applied with non-informative priors, which produces estimates equivalent to those from (quasi-) maximum likelihood. We explore station-level pricing behavior using pairs of proximately situated fueling stations with no nearby neighbors. Our sample data represents average daily diesel and e5 fuel prices, and refinery cost information covering more than 487 days. The heterogeneous coefficients spatial autoregressive panel data model uses the large sample of daily time periods to produce spatial autoregressive model estimates for each fueling station. These estimates provide information regarding the price reaction function of each station to its duopoly rival station. This is in contrast to conventional estimates of price reaction functions that average over the entire cross-sectional sample of stations. We show how these estimates can be used to infer competition versus cooperation in price setting by individual stations.
Subject Headings: spatial panel data models
observation-level spatial interaction
spatial autoregressive model
Markov chain Monte Carlo
Issue Date: 2016
Appears in Collections:Sonderforschungsbereich (SFB) 823

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