Authors: Awd, Mustafa
Stern, Felix
Kampmann, Alexander
Kotzem, Daniel
Tenkamp, Jochen
Walther, Frank
Title: Microstructural characterization of the anisotropy and cyclic deformation behavior of selective laser melted AlSi10Mg structures
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: The laser-based fusion of metallic powder allows construction of components with arbitrary complexity. In selective laser melting, the rapid cooling of melt pools in the direction of the component building causes significant anisotropy of the microstructure and properties. The objective of this work is to investigate the influence of build anisotropy on the microstructure and mechanical properties in selective laser melted AlSi10Mg. The alloy is comprehensively used in the automotive industry and has been one of the most frequently investigated Al alloys in additive manufacturing. Using specimens produced in three different building orientations with respect to the build platform, the anisotropy of the microstructure and defects will be investigated using scanning electron microscopy and microcomputed tomography. The analysis showed a seven-times higher pore density for the 90°-specimen compared to the 0°-specimen. The scanning electron microscopy revealed the influence of the direction of the cooling gradient on the constitution of the eutectic phase. Mechanical properties are produced in quasi-static and fatigue tests of variable and constant loading amplitudes. Specimens of 0° showed 8% higher tensile strength compared to 90°-specimens, while fracture strain was reduced almost 30% for the 45°-specimen. The correlation between structural anisotropy and mechanical properties illustrates the influence of the building orientation during selective laser melting on foreseen fields of application.
Subject Headings: AlSi10Mg
Selective laser melting
Mechanical properties
Subject Headings (RSWK): Selective-Laser-Melting
Mechanische Eigenschaft
Issue Date: 2018-10-13
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Appears in Collections:Fachgebiet Werkstoffprüftechnik

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