Authors: Frondel, Manuel
Marggraf, Clemens
Sommer, Stephan
Vance, Colin
Title: Reducing vehicle cold start emissions through carbon pricing: Evidence from Germany
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: A large proportion of local pollutants originating from the road transport sector is generated during the so-called cold-start phase of driving, that is, the first few minutes of driving after a car has stood inactive for several hours. Drawing on data from the German Mobility Panel (MOP), this paper analyzes the factors that affect the frequency of cold starts, approximated here by the number of car tours that a household takes over the course of a week. Based on fixed-effects panel estimations, we find a negative and statistically significant effect of fuel prices on the number of tours and, hence, cold starts. Using our estimates to explore the spatial implications arising from fuel price increases stipulated under Germany’s Climate Programme 2030, we find substantial impacts on the number of avoided tours even for modest fuel price increases of 20 cents per liter, particularly in urban areas. This outcome lends support to using carbon pricing as a means to improve both global climate and local air quality, pointing to a co-benefit of climate policy.
Subject Headings: German mobility panel
car use
fuel prices
Subject Headings (RSWK): Deutschland
Issue Date: 2020
Appears in Collections:Sonderforschungsbereich (SFB) 823

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