Authors: Rayan, Muhammad
Gruehn, Dietwald
Khayyam, Umer
Title: Frameworks for urban green infrastructure (UGI) indicators
Other Titles: expert and community outlook toward green climate-resilient cities in Pakistan
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Climate-induced pressures spur on the need for urban green infrastructure (UGI) planning. This approach offers a possible way to improve ecosystem functionality and human well-being in adversely affected urban regions, wherein UGI is perceived as a green and nature-based climate change mitigation/adaptation strategy. In Pakistan, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province lacks such urban landscape and greening policies (ULGP) or legislative frameworks for transitioning to green action plans (GAP), to alleviate the risk of multi-climatic hazards. Thus, this study aims to investigate a sustainable UGI-indicator-based framework model, based on the due inclusion of the concerned stakeholders. The relative importance index (RII) and inter-quartile range (IQR) techniques are employed for field data analysis. The findings proclaim excellent reliability (α > 0.7) and internal consistency, wherein sustainable UGI indicators are grouped based on their importance. The results portray the ecological and economic sustainability dimensions as being important (RII = 0.835 and RII = 0.807, respectively), socio-cultural dimensions as being moderately important (RII = 0.795), and a set of UGS elements (RII ≥ 0.77) as vital for bolstering individual UGI indicators. The main UGS elements emerging in each category can be grouped as follows: ecological category—“reducing rainwater runoff” (RII = 0.94); socio-cultural category—“enhancement of mental and physical health” (RII = 0.90); and eco category—“minimizing the risk of flood disasters” (RII = 0.96). The simulation results demonstrate the need for an inclusive perspective when building the urban green space (UGS) infrastructure (and standards) that will be most suitable for ensuring climate-resilient urban regions. This study contributes to putting the scientific research knowledge of the natural green-landscape-based (NBLB) approach into practice. The study calls for the establishment of an effective, pragmatic relationship between the urban landscape and greening policies, alongside a constructive relationship with the native inhabitants to ensure eco-friendly and resilient settlements
Subject Headings: Sustainable urban green indicators
Urban green space (UGS)
Climate change
Adaptation
Participatory planning (PP) approach
Pakistan
Subject Headings (RSWK): Stadtentwicklung |
Nachhaltigkeit
Umwelt
Zukunft
Begrünung |
Klimaänderung |
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2003/41017
http://dx.doi.org/10.17877/DE290R-22866
Issue Date: 2022-06-29
Appears in Collections:Landschaftsökologie und Landschaftsplanung

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