Authors: Merten, D.
Singer, J. A.
Fiedler, H.
Tappertzhofen, S.
Title: Concept of an efficient self-startup voltage converter with dynamic maximum power point tracking for microscale thermoelectric generators
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Microscale Thermoelectric Generators (microTEGs) have a high application potential for energy harvesting for autonomous microsystems. In contrast to conventional thermoelectric generators, microTEGs can only supply small output-voltages. Therefore, voltage converters are required to provide supply-voltages that are sufficiently high to power microelectronics. However, for high conversion efficiency, voltage converters need to be optimized for the limited input voltage range and the typically high internal resistance of microTEGs. To overcome the limitations of conventional voltage converters we present an optimized self-startup voltage converter with dynamic maximum power point tracking. The performance potential of our concept is theoretically and experimentally analyzed. The voltage conversion interface demonstrates energy harvesting from open-circuit voltages as low as 30.7 mV, and enables independent and full start-up from 131 mV. No additional external power supply is required at any time during operation. It can be operated with a wide range of internal resistances from 20.6 to − 4 kΩ with a conversation efficiency between η = 68–79%.
Subject Headings: Boost converter
Dynamic maximum power point tracking
Meissner oscillator
Voltage conversion interface
Thermoelectric energy harvesting
Thermoelectric generator
High conversion efficiency
Issue Date: 2022-04-25
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Appears in Collections:Lehrstuhl für Mikro- und Nanoelektronik

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