Authors: Makarow, Artemi
Title: Nonlinear model predictive low-level control
Other Titles: Set-point stabilization with input move-blocking and time-varying finite control sets
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: This dissertation focuses on the development, formalization, and systematic evaluation of a novel nonlinear model predictive control (MPC) concept with derivative-free optimization. Motivated by a real industrial application, namely the position control of a directional control valve, this control concept enables straightforward implementation from scratch, robust numerical optimization with a deterministic upper computation time bound, intuitive controller design, and offers extensions to ensure recursive feasibility and asymptotic stability by design. These beneficial controller properties result from combining adaptive input domain discretization, extreme input move-blocking, and the integration with common stabilizing terminal ingredients. The adaptive discretization of the input domain is translated into time-varying finite control sets and ensures smooth and stabilizing closed-loop control. By severely reducing the degrees of freedom in control to a single degree of freedom, the exhaustive search algorithm qualifies as an ideal optimizer. Because of the exponentially increasing combinatorial complexity, the novel control concept is suitable for systems with small input dimensions, especially single-input systems, small- to mid-sized state dimensions, and simple box-constraints. Mechatronic subsystems such as electromagnetic actuators represent this special group of nonlinear systems and contribute significantly to the overall performance of complex machinery. A major part of this dissertation addresses the step-by-step implementation and realization of the new control concept for numerical benchmark and real mechatronic systems. This dissertation investigates and elaborates on the beneficial properties of the derivative-free MPC approach and then narrows the scope of application. Since combinatorial optimization enables the straightforward inclusion of a non-smooth exact penalty function, the new control approach features a numerically robust real-time operation even when state constraint violations occur. The real-time closed-loop control performance is evaluated using the example of a directional control valve and a servomotor and shows promising results after manual controller design. Since the common theoretical closed-loop properties of MPC do not hold with input moveblocking, this dissertation provides a new approach for general input move-blocked MPC with arbitrary blocking patterns. The main idea is to integrate input move-blocking with the framework of suboptimal MPC by defining the restrictive input parameterization as a source of suboptimality. Finally, this dissertation extends the proposed derivative-free MPC approach by stabilizing warm-starts according to the suboptimal MPC formulation. The extended horizon scheme divides the receding horizon into two parts, where only the first part of variable length is subject to extreme move-blocking. A stabilizing local controller then completes the second part of the prediction. The approach involves a tailored and straightforward combinatorial optimization algorithm that searches efficiently for suboptimal horizon partitions while always reproducing the stabilizing warm-start control sequences in the nominal setup.
Subject Headings: Model predictive control
Input move-blocking
Finite control sets
Asymptotic stability
Mechatronic subsystems
Low-level control
Optimal control
Constrained optimization
Subject Headings (RSWK): Mechatronik
Issue Date: 2022
Appears in Collections:Lehrstuhl für Regelungssystemtechnik

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