Authors: König, Sabrina
Stang-Rabrig, Justine
Hannover, Bettina
Zander, Lysann
McElvany, Nele
Title: Stereotype threat in learning situations? An investigation among language minority students
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Stereotype threat (ST) is a potential explanation for inequalities in language competencies observed between students from different language backgrounds. Language competencies are an important prerequisite for educational success, wherefore the significance for investigation arises. While ST effects on achievement are empirically well documented, little is known about whether ST also impairs learning. Thus, we investigated vocabulary learning in language minority elementary school students, also searching for potential moderators. In a pre-post design, 240 fourth-grade students in Germany who were on average 10 years old (MAge = 9.92, SD = 0.64; 49.8% female) were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions: implicit ST, explicit ST without threat removal before posttest, explicit ST with threat removal before posttest, and a control group. Results showed that learning difficult vocabulary from reading two narrative texts was unaffected by ST. Neither students’ identification with their culture of residence and culture of origin nor stereotyped domain of reading were moderators. The findings are discussed with regard to content and methodological aspects such that a motivation effect might have undermined a possible ST effect. Implications for future research include examining the question at what age children become susceptible to ST and whether students have internalized negative stereotypes about their own group, which could increase the likelihood of ST effects occurring.
Subject Headings: Elementary school students
Identification with the culture of residence
Language minority students
Stereotype threat
Vocabulary learning
Subject Headings (RSWK): Grundschule
Sprachliche Minderheit
Issue Date: 2022-05-16
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Appears in Collections:Institut für Schulentwicklungsforschung

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