|Title:||Spins as probes of different electronic states|
|Abstract:||Nuclear spins are efficient probes of electronic states. Because most NMR experiments are performed in thermal equilibrium, they probe the electronic ground state - the only state that is significantly populated under ambient conditions. Probing electronically excited states becomes possible, if magnetic resonance techniques are combined with optical (laser) excitation. Depending on the nature of the electronic state, drastic changes of the magnetic resonance parameters may be observed. We discuss the basic principles of this type of investigation. Depending on the lifetime of the electronically excited state, it is possible to measure separate spectra of ground and excited state if the lifetime is long on the NMR timescale, or an averaged spectrum if the lifetime is short. We present examples for both limiting cases using rare earth ions and semiconductor heterostructures.|
|Rights:||© 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Concepts Magn Reson Part A 30A: 116-126, 2007.|
|Citation:||Suter, Dieter; Klieber, Robert: Spins as probes of different electronic states. In: Concepts in Magnetic Resonance A Nr. 2, Jg. 30A(2007), S. 116-126.|
|Appears in Collections:||Suter, Dieter Prof. Dr.|
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