Authors: Suter, Dieter
Du, Jiangfeng
Zhu, Jing
Shi, Mingjun
Peng, Xinhua
Title: Experimental observation of a topological phase in the maximally entangled state of a pair of qubits
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Quantum mechanical phase factors can be related to dynamical effects or to the geometrical properties of a trajectory in a given space—either parameter space or Hilbert space. Here, we experimentally investigate a quantum mechanical phase factor that reflects the topology of the SO(3) group: since rotations by pi around antiparallel axes are identical, this space is doubly connected. Using a pair of nuclear spins in a maximally entangled state, we subject one of the spins to a cyclic evolution. If the corresponding trajectory in SO(3) can be smoothly deformed to a point, the quantum state at the end of the trajectory is identical to the initial state. For all other trajectories the quantum state changes sign.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2003/25406
http://dx.doi.org/10.17877/DE290R-2901
Publishers Link: http://e3.physik.tu-dortmund.de/~suter/eprints/TopologicalPhase_MES.pdf
Issue Date: 2007-10-22
Rights: ©2007 The American Physical Society
Publisher: The American PHysical Society
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.76.042121
Citation: Du, J.; Zhu, J.; Shi, M.; Peng, X.; Suter, D.: Experimental observation of a topological phase in the maximally entangled state of a pair of qubits. In: Physical Review A Jg. 76(2007), 042121.
Appears in Collections:Suter, Dieter Prof. Dr.

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