Authors: Novikov, Alexei
Kuzmin, Dmitri
Ahmadi, Omid
Title: Random walk methods for Monte Carlo simulations of Brownian diffusion on a sphere
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: This paper is focused on efficient Monte Carlo simulations of Brownian diffusion effects in particle-based numerical methods for solving transport equations on a sphere (or a circle). Using the heat equation as a model problem, random walks are designed to emulate the action of the Laplace-Beltrami operator without evolving or reconstructing the probability density function. The intensity of perturbations is fitted to the value of the rotary diffusion coefficient in the deterministic model. Simplified forms of Brownian motion generators are derived for rotated reference frames, and several practical approaches to generating random walks on a sphere are discussed. The alternatives considered in this work include projections of Cartesian random walks, as well as polar random walks on the tangential plane. In addition, we explore the possibility of using look-up tables for the exact cumulative probability of perturbations. Numerical studies are performed to assess the practical utility of the methods under investigation.
Subject Headings: Brownian diffusion on a sphere
Laplace-Beltrami operator
orientation probability density
Lagrangian modeling
random walk
Issue Date: 2019-02
Appears in Collections:Ergebnisberichte des Instituts für Angewandte Mathematik

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