Authors: Tillmann, Wolfgang
Kokalj, David
Stangier, Dominic
Schöppner, Volker
Malatyali, Hatice
Title: Effects of AlN and BCN thin film multilayer design on the reaction time of Ni/Ni-20Cr thin film thermocouples on thermally sprayed Al2O3
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Thin film thermocouples are widely used for local temperature determinations of surfaces. However, depending on the environment in which they are used, thin film thermocouples need to be covered by a wear or oxidation resistant top layer. With regard to the utilization in wide-slit nozzles for plastic extrusion, Ni/Ni-20Cr thin film thermocouples were manufactured using direct-current (DC) magnetron sputtering combined with Aluminiumnitride (AlN) and Boron-Carbonitride (BCN) thin films. On the one hand, the deposition parameters of the nitride layers were varied to affect the chemical composition and morphology of the AlN and BCN thin films. On the other hand, the position of the nitride layers (below the thermocouple, above the thermocouple, around the thermocouple) was changed. Both factors were investigated concerning the influence on the Seebeck coefficient and the reaction behaviour of the thermocouples. Therefore, the impact of the nitride thin films on the morphology, physical structure, crystallite size, electrical resistance and hardness of the Ni and Ni-20Cr thin films is analysed. The investigations reveal that the Seebeck coefficient is not affected by the different architectures of the thermocouples. Nevertheless, the reaction time of the thermocouples can be significantly improved by adding a thermal conductive top coat over the thin films, whereas the top coat should have a coarse structure and low nitrogen content.
Subject Headings: Nickel-chromium
Aluminium nitride
Boron carbon nitride
Thin film thermocouples
Reaction time
Physical vapor deposition
Issue Date: 2019-08-03
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Appears in Collections:Lehrstuhl für Werkstofftechnologie

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