Authors: Westervoß, Patrick
Title: The Tensor Diffusion approach as a novel technique for simulating viscoelastic fluid flows
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: In this thesis, the novel Tensor Diffusion approach for the numerical simulation of viscoelastic fluid flows is introduced. Therefore, it is assumed that the extra-stress tensor can be decomposed into a product of the strain-rate tensor and a (nonsymmetric) tensor-valued viscosity function. As a main potential advantage, which can be demonstrated for fully developed channel flows, the underlying complex material behaviour can be explicitly described by means of the so-called Diffusion Tensor. Consequently, this approach offers the possibility to reduce the complete nonlinear viscoelastic three-field model to a generalised Stokes-like problem regarding the velocity and pressure fields, only. This is enabled by inserting the Diffusion Tensor into the momentum equation of the flow model, while the extra-stress tensor or constitutive equation can be neglected. As a result, flow simulations of viscoelastic fluids could be performed by applying techniques particularly designed for solving the (Navier-)Stokes equations, which leads to a way more robust and efficient numerical approach. But, a conceptually improved behaviour of the numerical scheme concerning viscoelastic fluid flow simulations may be exploited with respect to discretisation and solution techniques of typical three- or four-field formulations as well. In detail, an (artificial) diffusive operator, which is closely related to the nature of the underlying material behaviour, is inserted into the (discrete) problem by means of the Diffusion Tensor. In this way, certain issues particularly regarding the flow simulation of viscoelastic fluids without a Newtonian viscosity contribution, possibly including realistic material and model parameters, can be resolved. In a first step, the potential benefits of the Tensor Diffusion approach are illustrated in the framework of channel flow configurations, where several linear and nonlinear material models are considered for characterising the viscoelastic material behaviour. In doing so, typical viscoelastic flow phenomena can be obtained by simply solving a symmetrised Tensor Stokes problem including a suitable choice of the Diffusion Tensor arising from both, differential as well as integral constitutive laws. The validation of the novel approach is complemented by simulating the Flow around cylinder benchmark by means of a four-field formulation of the Tensor Stokes problem. In this context, corresponding reference results are reproduced quite well, despite the applied lower-order approximation of the tensor-valued viscosity. A further evaluation of the Tensor Diffusion approach is performed regarding two-dimensional contraction flows, where potential advantages as well as improvements and certain limits of this novel approach are detected. Therefore, suitable stabilisation techniques concerning the Diffusion Tensor variable plus the behaviour of deduced monolithic and segregated solution methods are investigated.
Subject Headings: Tensor Diffusion
Viscoelastic fluids
Generalised Newtonian flow
Incompressible Navier-Stokes equations
Subject Headings (RSWK): Numerische Strömungssimulation
Newtonsche Flüssigkeit
Issue Date: 2021
Appears in Collections:Lehrstuhl III Angewandte Mathematik und Numerik

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