Authors: Krämer, Maximilian
Bertram, Torsten
Title: Improving local trajectory optimization by enhanced initialization and global guidance
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: Trajectory optimization is a promising method for planning trajectories of robotic manipulators. With the increasing success of collaborative robots in dynamic environments, the demand for online planning methods grows and offers new opportunities as well as challenges for trajectory optimization. Special requirements in terms of real-time capabilities are one of the greatest difficulties. Optimizing a short planning horizon instead of an entire trajectory is one approach to reduce computation time, which nonetheless separates the optimality of local and global solutions. This contribution introduces, on the one hand, Extended Initialization as a new approach that reduces the risk of local minima and aims at improving the quality of the global trajectory. On the other hand, the particularly critical cases in which local solutions lead to standstills are mitigated by globally guiding local solutions. The evaluation performs four experiments with comparisons to Stochastic Trajectory Optimization for Motion Planning (STOMP) or Probabilistic Roadmap Method (PRM*) and demonstrates the effectiveness of both approaches.
Subject Headings: Moving horizon planning
Online trajectory optimization
Local minima
Issue Date: 2022-03-14
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Appears in Collections:Lehrstuhl für Regelungssystemtechnik

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