Authors: Sauer, Jan
Kühl, Hans-Detlev
Title: Performance improvements in Stirling cycle machines by a modified appendix gap geometry
Language (ISO): en
Abstract: In this contribution, the optimization potential of the seal geometry in Stirling machines is explored both numerically and analytically, leading to a significant reduction of the related losses which are often referred to as appendix gap losses. These are induced by the narrow gap between the displacer and the cylinder and have mostly been underestimated so far. A recent experimental investigation revealed large optimization potentials by reduction of the seal and cylinder wall diameter near the seal, resulting in reduced appendix gap losses and further indirect positive effects. In this work, these experimental findings could be reproduced by a one-dimensional differential simulation model at a fully satisfyingaccuracy. Furthermore, these investigations reveal that the optimum geometry is largely machine-dependent. To provide an easily applicable design rule for this optimum geometry, a refined analytical model for the mass flow at the top of the gap is derived, which is based on a phasor analysis and a linearized mass balance that also accounts for changes in the spatial mean gas temperature in the gap. The optimum design predicted by this model is very close to numerical optimization results and sufficiently accurate under practical aspects. Furthermore, this model contributes to a better theoretical understanding of the loss mechanisms in the gap.
Subject Headings: Analytical calculation
Numerical simulation
Stirling cycle
Issue Date: 2021-09-20
Rights link:
Appears in Collections:Lehrstuhl Thermodynamik

This item is protected by original copyright

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons